Description: Countries all over the developed World are currently struggling to cope with increasing healthcare costs. In the last decades, we have witnessed a growing tendency in generic healthcare costs and specifically in long-term health care expenditures. Moreover, demand-side factors (such as population ageing and corresponding prevalence of chronic diseases) exert a pressure for increasing health costs. Thus, it is fundamental to act towards a reduction in morbidity due to chronic diseases, improvement in the quality of life and attaining systematic cost efficiency. One of the fundamental lines of action is the implementation of accurate models to measure costs and outcomes in health care, allowing for their improvement. Within the framework of cost-effectiveness analysis, the focus has recently been put on the relationship between costs and health outcomes, measuring what is considered to matter most: value created for patients, i.e., patient-centered health outcomes per monetary unit of cost. In order to embed this notion into practice, it is essential to improve costs and outcomes’ data, to enhance costing systems and to compare costs with relevant health outcomes.
CIIC Researchers: Catarina Isabel Ferreira Viveiros Tavares dos Reis and Marisa da Silva Maximiano
Start Date: 2017
End Date: 2019
Name: Monumental Polychromy: Revealing Medieval Colours at Batalha
Description: Monumental Polychromy: Revealing Medieval Colours at Batalha” is a research and educational project that aims to study the original polychromy of the 15th-century Founder’s Chapel at the Monastery of Batalha, and to make its findings known both to the academic community and to the general public. The chapel still shows small pigmented areas that suggest it was originally extensively coloured, and therefore offered a very different appearance to its current bare-stone look, which resulted from a thorough cleaning and stripping campaigns in the 19th and 20th century. The study of medieval polychromy on architectural and sculptural objects is a growing field of study internationally that has so far remained completely unexplored in Portugal. A key aim of this project is, therefore, to open up a new field of research in Portuguese Art History in close and necessary collaboration with other scientific disciplines: material analysis, heraldry and digital reconstruction. As such, it constitutes a first case study, an innovative pilot project with a view to further collaboration between the institutions involved and others in the future. To this end, the project will work to identify to what extent, in what ways and for what purposes colour was applied to the architectural structures and funerary monuments of the chapel. The material evidence of the use of colour will also be considered in the light of current scholarship on the heraldic and decorative significance of such use. Once we have identified the colours originally chosen as part of the programme designed by King João I, King Duarte and other potential agents, and established their possible meanings, the project aims at making this knowledge available both to the Chapel’s visitors (by means of an on-site interactive 3D display) and online for the academic community and general public at large through. The project also contemplates making its findings known through a book targeted to the general public, academic articles and participation on scientific conferences.
CIIC Researchers: Alexandrino José Marques Gonçalves
Start Date: 9/2016
End Date: 8/2017